What is wrong? Graft and corruption in the Philippines was considered as the “biggest problem of all” by Jaime Cardinal Sin, the Archbishop of Manila in 1988. Indeed, today graft and corruption in the Philippines remains! As it is one of the causes of poverty in our country.
There is a long history of graft and corruption within the government of the Philippines. Corruption reached its apex during the height of the Marcos regime, corruption and thievery was so bad under the rule of Ferdinand Marcos that in the late 1980s. The Guinness Book of Records listed the Philippines as the all-time most corrupt government in the history of the world. The Marcos government was labeled a kleptocracy, literally meaning that it was a government ruled by thieves. A kleptocracy can be defined as a dishonest form of governmental corruption where the government exists solely to increase the personal wealth and power of its officials and the ruling class without regard for the wider population. Bribery, embezzlement, vote buying and illegal gambling were rampant under Marcos rule in the Philippines. Marcos looted billions of dollars from the Filipino treasury, and the corruption reached its high-point with the assassination of Marcos’ political opponent Benigno Aquino. Graft has subsided in recent years, and in 2007 the Philippines ranked last place in the 13 Asian economies that were studied.
Personal greed–that leads to an unfettered desire for money or power, with no regard whatsoever to moral boundaries. Low awareness or lack of courage to denounce corrupt behavior and situations conducive to corruption. Lack of transparency, especially at the institutional level, but also in less formal organizations. Here are some of the causes of the graft and corruption. It is said that even in the smallest unit of government graft and corruption is rampant