Self Study Assignment File Preston University Karachi Main Campus Spring 2018 Name

Self Study
Assignment File
Preston University Karachi Main Campus
Spring 2018
Name : Latesh Kumar
Reg No : 1521-315018
Course : English Composition
Program : BSCS

Question no.1:
part a:
How would make a comparison between the movies produced today and the movies produced half a century back ?
I suppose the largest differences i’ve observed in new films over the old are:the first element is that modern day movie has misplaced its forte of past in phrases of content material. it’s far no greater area of expertise inside the content making. generally the identical story is repeated having the equal moral and message. the second element is this is that the cutting-edge day movie too much reliance on pc pictures . The present day day movie only attention on the pictures and track effect. The third  aspect Is that movie-making gone from being a passion to a career. yes in beyond human beings had passion of making film however unfortunately now it has only end up the profession. The fourth thing which i observed is that it focus little to no focus on constructing small characters that praise the bigger characters.

Part b:
Summarize the information about Shakespeare and his art in the lesson , “England’s Greatest playwright” ?
Shakespeare is one in every of finest English poet and playwright. these 26 English alphabets are not enough to specific the greatness of him. He was born at Stratford in year 1564 He acquired an fine education and married on the age of 18.he had three youngsters.. At the age 27 in 1971 he left his circle of relatives and went to London in which he joined one among theater organizations , acted in some of the play and commenced to write his personal. He became wealthy at very early age . Among 1591 till 1611 he wrote more than 37 plays in complete or in component . a few were comedies , some have been tragedies ,some have been ancient plays , drawn from events in English, Roman and Greek records . His greatness is identified by way of poets of all intervals. He had brilliant recognize from his writing. His writing has capacity to touch the heart of humans and his greatness is remembered even today.

Question no.2
Part A:
“modern music is constantly losing its soothing effects” . Comment
Music is very essential within the lifestyles of man or woman. Music is the art. Music is the least cerebral of all of the art work-paperwork and possibly the most social of all varieties of expression. It receives interior you. It receives inner your body, like meals or direct interactions with nature. Music gives a right away experiential reference to your body where as other kinds like artwork/movie/literature and so on work extra directly via the mind .Music inspires us. It modifications our nation of thoughts and has the capacity to transform us and people round us. but the music of nowadays isn’t that really worth. It’s far losing its  smoothly effect. There are many motives at the back of this .  The first one is absolutely that in modern day music , there is  little or no consciousness on the lyrics of the track. all consciousness is on the sound effects . The impact  of current era and computer have made music to lose its smoothing effect. Where as old music  do have great lyrics they have simple sound consequences , but yet it contact the coronary heart of humans due to its distinctiveness within the lyrics. The track of today is simply repeating the content and subject matters and providing in special approaches. There is  no new topics in these days music.The second component is that it is gone with the aid of being passion to expert. Developing music  in nowadays time has just have become profession. In beyond human beings had passion of creating tremendous music but now it has just have become the career. Now lets discuss approximately the third factor in my point of view is that  modern day is not representing the subculture and tradition of the area . In beyond music do represent the way of life and values of the area where as within the these days music has no focus over it.

Part b:
What are the merits and demerits of a Skyscraper ?
Merits  of skyscrapers:1) one of the blessings of getting many scrapers in your town is all of the exclusive views that it gives you. Those perspectives might be so stunning to that it ends in a traveler appealing, that could intern bring in money for the commercial enterprise or the metropolis that it’s far in.2) every other on of the primary blessings this is very apparent is space. these skyscrapers have a lot space inside of the constructing that it could match multiple company in it. via having multiple organisation within the building it allows no longer absorb as an awful lot area in the town. every other benefit of the skyscrapers is the symbolism. The symbolism of the tower might be some thing like a tragedy befell in that spot and they are making its spot and naming the building after it. this can be a first-rate benefit for the metropolis purpose it could be a major enchantment to the city which intern would deliver in extra money to the metropolis.demerits  of skyscrapers-1) one of the predominant concerns of the skyscraper is the protection of the building. these huge systems are manner extra possible to be harm by using some herbal disaster due to how big they’re. the bigger the building method that they have got to a greater basis so if there is a herbal catastrophe and there may be any problem with the foundation there could be a prime hassle.2) one more price that could be a large problem for building skyscrapers is the value of the buildings. those constructing are so big that they cost so much that human beings regularly suppose that they’re now not really worth the money.I issue that if you have a look at the benefits and disadvantages of skyscrapers that it’s miles more of a disadvantage due to the fact the benefits have manner greater of a fantastic effect on a town or corporation than the terrible of the risks.

Question no.3
Part a:
” The desire to use language as a sign of national identify is a very natural one”. Elaborate
The preference to use language as the sign of national become aware of is the natural one . Language plays a very vital function in any human network-college, business enterprise, corporation, institution, domesticand so on. The language of any human society tells plenty approximately that society consequently, it may be similarly emphasized  that language and any human society are inseparable. In any human society, language occupies a completely crucial seat, extra than it appears to all. :The preference to apply language as the signal of countrywide discover is the natural one may be defined in this manner that country wide language is the binding pressure of all of the human beings of country. it’s far the source by using which human beings of state can unite on one platform. Language creates a mind-set, a shared identity, a way to communicate with human beings of nation. it’s far the source via which the citizen of country used to make differentiate with different countries.

Part B :
why did Randolph Quirk feel the need to say.”we should insist on people not exaggerating the differences between the British and American language”?
This question is taken from the chapter “A conversation on British and American English “. In this chapter the comparison between the American and British English is being discussed . in this chapter it is clearly showed that there is no much difference between the these two English languages . it is being discussed that these two form of English languages are almost same having the same nouns and verbs. Only they differ in aspect of pronunciation . . The way to pronoun word is different in both . sometimes we don’t pronoun certain alphabets in American English that we do pronoun it in British English .
Randolph Quirk ask the question to Albert H. Marckwardt by stating that : “we should not insist on people not exaggerating the difference between British and American Language” .He himself first answered the question by saying that they look different languages when we consider the sounds but important thing is that there is great deal of overlap which is in the sense that these both have same noun and verbs.

The Marckwardt agreed to Quirk . He said that the discussion which both have done surely shows that the both British and American English are Intercomprehensible , understandable between people , understandable between national boundaries

Question no.4
Part a:
Discuss some of words that your language has borrowed from other languages ?
My mother tongue or my first language is the urdu . urdu is the Turkish word. The literal meaning of urdu is “camp”. it’s miles the language which is combination of many difference languages which includes the Persian, Arabian, turkush & Hindi. it’s far the language that’s evolved from the medieval (sixth to 13th century) . certainly one of maximum forte of this language is that it is blended language. it’s miles developed from many others languages of world. these languages has terrific effect over the urdu language. First we could communicate approximately the Persian languages. Urdu language has took lots of words from Persian language. a number of words are aab-o-hawa (weather), ambaar (heap), asoodah (nicely off), ashiyana (home/nest), arzoo (choice), arasta (adorned), badan (frame), bahaar (spring season), bohran (disaster), buland (high), badter (worst), Beyzar (dejected), kahkasan (galaxy),kutubkhana (library), madad (assist), marasim (members of the family), masroor (ecstatic), mard (man), maakhana (pub), medaan (ground), murdar (lifeless) and many greater. Now we could discuss about words of urdu which belong from Arabian language. some of them are ayat (Quranic verse), bait (residence), azeem (brilliant), barq (thunder), jahil (illiterate), jannat (heaven), jamal (splendor), jaib (pocket), jehad (holy war), dakhil (interior), jurm (crime), dalil (evidence), deen (religion), ambiya (prophets), ahim (important), fatwa(spiritual decree), atraf (aspects), fashi (eloquent), ghafil (indolent), fikr (concept), khaber (news), hakim (ruler), haal (present), khalis (natural), khas (unique), harb (war), hilal (crescent), khilaf (opposite), hudood (limits), and so on.in the same way urdu language additionally undertake the phrases from the Indian language which includes Sanskrit and Hindi some of Hindi words which urdu language has undertake are DEKHO (see),GURU(instructor),JUNGLE(forest), and many others.

Part b:
How much local dialects does your language has borrowed from other languages.
firstly we could not overlook the ancient beyond of urdu language . Urdu language advanced amongst 6 to 13century. The literal that means of word urdu is ‘camp’. Urdu is the blended language . It has the incredible impact of Arabic, Turkish , Persian and Hindi in it . it’s far the countrywide language of Pakistan. it is spoken now not most effective in via of Pakistan however it’s miles spoken moreover in some of regions of India , Bangladesh ,UAE and so on .
As noted above that Urdu is the combined language . Urdu language being one of the vastest languages of the arena enjoys 4 simple dialects. those embody Dakhni, Rekhta, cutting-edge Vernacular and Khariboli. .

Khariboli is the dialect of Delhi region this is spoken in the southern place of India. .It has adopt the manner of talking from the close by language of vicinity.
Dakhni is popularly known as Dakani, Deccani, Desia or Mirgan. Dakhni dialect is concept for its aggregate with Marathi and Telugu Language in India. the bottom of Urdu lies in Arabic, Persian and Turkish. The community audio system of Urdu can without problems be identified from their accents, they enjoy a unique accent at the identical time as their identification is the pronunciation of “kaf” and “Kh” sounds. Dakhini is popularly spoken in plenty of elements of India which encompass Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
Rekhta, the poetic model of Urdu, is with the resource of and massive categorized as a separate dialect. This dialect emerge as famously utilized by numerous British Indian poets of excessive acclamation, inside the immensity of their paintings. Those blanketed the high-quality Mirza Ghalib, the Mir Taqi Mir and substantial Muhammad Iqbal, who is the national poet and truth seeker of Pakistan.

current Vernacular is the dialect of urdu language this is utilized by people of Pakistan. it’s far most common region one which has undertake its manner of speak me from Hindi. it’s far considered due to the fact the clean shape of urdu language. it has engrossed many words, proverbs and phonetics from the nearby languages like Pashto, Punjabi, Sindhi and Baloch
Question no.5:
What are the three periods in the history of the English language ? Describe briefly
English is one of oldest language of the world. Today around 230 million people speak English as the first language, and nearly 100 million more people speak it as a second or auxiliary language. It is the vast language which has adopts words from different languages of world. There are mainly four periods of English language which are
Old English
Middle English
Early Modern English
Contemporary English
Old English:
this period start from 995 AD. It is considered as the early stage of English language .The period of Germanic is known as old English. At that time English was hard to understand because it is dialects of German Tribes. It was not the official language of people of Britain at that time.
Middle English:
.This is known as the second period of English language. This period start from 1389 AD. This people has great influence of Normans ,Anglo-Saxons and Danes .In this period the importance of English was recognized and English replaced French . The vocabulary of Middle English has many words of French words. It contain more than 10,000 words of French. English has borrowed more words from French than from any other language .
Early Modern English:
The period of Shakespeare is known as early Modern English. This period start from 1611 AD. This period is known as modern period because in this period English was made simple. Shakespeare has great influence in this period that is why this period is remembered by name of Shakespeare . in this period there was huge work done in the English literature and poetry .
Question no .6
Part a:
Part b:
What are the five Canadas ? Briefly explain
Maritime province:
Looking at Canada from east to west , we begin with the Maritime province which include Nova Scotia , New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and the new island Province , Newfoundland. When the Maritime province were joined with the other province into the country called Canada , The Maritime Began to make his unique contribution to the molding of the native temperament and character . Maritimes turns up all over Canada in the head offices of the banks, in cabinet councils, in fact in every place where someone is trying to direct or control the country.
French Speaking Quebec:
Travelling west ward from the Maritime provinces, one finds himself suddenly among the people of another language and culture known as French Catholics of Quebec. Life follows an Old European Pattern here, both in the country side and in its great cities too. People of these regions have great influence of the North American economic Force. These people know the French language. These French Canadians give a certain color and charm and vivacity to the character of the whole nation. Though their culture and language are French they are a northern people now whose temperament has been touched by the long winters, the snows, the mountains, the northern lights and the memory of the forest silence.
ONTARIO:
The third region is known as Ontario. The people of Ontario are similar to Maritime. It is very well developed region having the big industries, financial centre like Toronto and the vast mineral wealth located at northern side . Toronoto by this time is the most American of the big Canadian cities ; yet most of the people think that it town of British . European Immigrants have settle there and called them as “New Canadians”.
THE PRAIRIE PROVINCE:
The fourth Canada is the Canada of the prairie provinces that stretch across the western plains from Ontario to the rocky mountains. The people of this region are backward. It is the area where wheat is the main product.
THE PACIFIC COASTAL SHELF:
Over the Rockies is the soft , comforting climate of the British Columbian cities of Vancouver and Victoria. This is the Fifth Canada, lying below Alaska along the pacific coastal shelf. It is the true that in Vancouver bearded Sikhs from India are at home in the streets , and the harbor beckons to all the people of the Orient , and the sailors come from stranger post.
Question no. 7:
Write a composition of at least two paragraphs about one of the following subjects:
CO-EDUCATION
There Is always a debate between the Co-education with separate educations . some support co education where as some are against it . There are several aspects which are in considerable. Lets discuss these one by one
Firstly lets discuss in favour of co education . how co-education is helpful to society ? first of all  according to my point of view, co education is helpful in this sense that it help to develop manual respect. Coeducation helps to develop the manual respect for opposite gender in student which is very important. The second is surely it develop self esteem among the students . They interact with opposite gender so this result into the development of self esteem the third factor which is in consideration is Healthy competition . co-education systems encourages challenges among the opposite genders in a healthy way.

There are many negative aspects about coeducation which surely support the separate education .These aspects are in considerable , the first is some time it result into gender bais. Teachers sometime give favour to specific gender more. The second one is surely the unethical activities which are being reported in coeducation system. It is totally against our customs of society. More ever some time co education create shyness. Some times student don’t ask question because they have fear of being insult in front of opposite gender.
Question No.8:
Write an essay on the topic “Significance of English language in today’s life”.?
Common language : English is the most typically spoken language in the world. One out of 5 people can talk or at the least understand English. . English is the authentic language of fifty three nations so it’s far declared as worldwide language in the world. . . English is spoken as a primary language by round 400 million people around the world.Language of Science and Technology: English is the language of technology .It is the language by using which we can communicate with the generation . 

Source of Entertainment :English is the language of the media industry. in case you talk English, you may not want to rely upon translations and subtitles anymore to revel in your favorite books, songs, movies and tv indicates.Language of internet : English is likewise the language of the net. Many websites are written in English – you will be able to understand them and to take part in forums and discussions
.simple Language :English is based on a simple alphabet and it is reasonably short and easy to learn in comparison to other languages.English Opens New Career Opportunitiesconsidering that English is spoken in so many specific nations there are hundreds of colleges round the sector that provide programmes in English. if you talk English, there’re masses of possibilities in order to locate the suitable college and path to suit your instructional wishes.

Learning new Culture: English is the professional language of fifty three countries that have one-of-a-kind cultures and way of living . via mastering English, you may also find out about other cultures. Few stories will make you develop as a person more than mastering the values, behavior and manner of existence in a lifestyle this is different from yours.Travel and Business
With good know-how and communication in English, you could journey around the world. because it is the global language for foreigners, it is easy to get help and assist in each part of world. you can test it by means of online tour. Any travel booking web site you can locate may have English as a booking alternative.English abilities may even assist you in any business mission you pick out to follow. if you visit some places of work, groups, governmental corporations, or even math or engineering groups, you will see the importance of English. businesses who want to feature at an global degree most effective bear in mind their team of workers well educated if they’re good English speakers, writers, and readers.

Question no.9:
Write a dialogue between two persons on the issue “Can we, being a developing Country make progress without learning English “.

Person A : He is supporting the idea that English is necessary for progress
Person B ; He is against this idea. According to him English is not necessary to be successful in life
A: hello my friend B, I hope u are fine and doing well.

B : oh ! hello my friend , my lovely friend A . I am fine u tel ?
A : I am also fine . what doing on ? today I came up with the opinion which I want to discuss with you
B; yes please tell !
A : according to me , in today time English is so important that no nation is going to progress if people of nation don’t know English. I am valid reasons in this favour .

B : But I am totally against your opinion. English is just a language just like other languages which include the German, Arabic ,Persian etc ;
A: no ! not at all. English has the great influence !
B: then tell me some of its influence .

A: yes sure .. the first is that it is the international language. It is the official language of 53 countries. Today around 100 million people speak English .

B : but these all are facts and figures. I have asked u its importance or significance ?
A: oh hold on brother .
A: I am going to tell u first is that it is the language of business . today English is considered as the language which is to be used in the business dealing . more over it gives chance to people to make career. English helps them to get job.

B :Okay fine ,but this is not valid point . u can make career by learning other languages too .
A: okay leave this , now your should explain your point of view
B: yes I am going to give you valid reason which is enough . you said knowing English is the only way to be successful right ?
A: yes , I stand on my words
B: Then what about the richest Chinese and Russian Businessman who does not single word of English yet they are highly successful and making millions of dollars
B:Yes, English do have importance but you cant declare it as the most superior. English is not the key factor in the success of an individual. It depend on factor of hard-work and dedication.
A: yes, Your point makes sense.

B : yes it is the bad side of society that we judge people by their English. it is negative side of society of today. English is not any measure to judge any on.
A: I agree 101% on your point of view.

B : Oh good .

A: You have changed my mindset. You won the debate.

B: Oh brother ! this is not for any win or lose. I have just answer you to clear your mind set.

A; yes thanks for that. Now I am leaving for lunch . u can join ?
B: No, Thanks a lot brother,. I just had . you can go and have lunch. We can meet at evening
A: sure friend
B : now u can leave !bye and take care
A: U TOO .

Question no. 10
Modern Music is losing its soothing effects . comment
Music is very essential within the lifestyles of man or woman. Music is the art. Music is the least cerebral of all of the art work-paperwork and possibly the most social of all varieties of expression. It receives interior you. It receives inner your body, like meals or direct interactions with nature. Music gives a right away experiential reference to your body where as other kinds like artwork/movie/literature and so on work extra directly via the mind .Music inspires us. It modifications our nation of thoughts and has the capacity to transform us and people round us. but the music of nowadays isn’t that really worth. It’s far losing its  smoothly effect. There are many motives at the back of this .  The first one is absolutely that in modern day music , there is  little or no consciousness on the lyrics of the track. all consciousness is on the sound effects . The impact  of current era and computer have made music to lose its smoothing effect. Where as old music  do have great lyrics they have simple sound consequences , but yet it contact the coronary heart of humans due to its distinctiveness within the lyrics. The track of today is simply repeating the content and subject matters and providing in special approaches. There is  no new topics in these days music.The second component is that it is gone with the aid of being passion to expert. Developing music  in nowadays time has just have become profession. In beyond human beings had passion of creating tremendous music but now it has just have become the career. Now lets discuss approximately the third factor in my point of view is that  modern day is not representing the subculture and tradition of the area . In beyond music do represent the way of life and values of the area where as within the these days music has no focus over it.