Movement screening methods are then used to assess an individual’s movement pattern. By understanding FMS and its various movement patterns involved, one would hence be able to segment movement individually to determine the specific skill being expressed. With this knowledge in mind, the selective functional movement assessment (SFMA), a movement based diagnostic system, can then be utilised in identifying causes of pain by considering the breakdown of movement patterns and locating maladaptive movement structurally and repeatedly.
Next, understanding fundamental movement skills (FMS), which are basic movement patterns involving various body parts, affording the foundation for physical literacy, is another crucial tool necessary. FMS provides the foundational movements, or precursor patterns, to the more specialised and complex skills used in play, games and specific sports. It describes the ability to instruct the human body to execute an action accurately and with confidence. It also identifies the physical, social, cognitive and emotional attributes required to do so effectively, as expressed by Broomfield’s study on human kinetics in the Complete Guide to Primary Gymnastics (2011).