In artificial oceanic habitat

In artificial oceanic habitat, the cetaceans are on the verge of developing flawed nursing skills necessary to raise their calves. The implications are emerging where high rates of calf separation in cetacean breeding are impacting their psychological welfare. Records display that SeaWorld has separated 19 orca calves from their mothers, ranging from 10 months, 20 months to 24 months. These separation implications affect the psychological conditioning of the orca calves, where the separated calves are likely to develop an unattached bond with their young. The related case study about mother-calf separation is based at Loro Parque in the Canary Islands, where a female orca became pregnant at seven years of age and gave birth to a male calf in 2010. In 2012, the mother gave birth to Vicky, and at the age of ten years old. The mother dejected both of her and Williamson C. (2017). The forced separation of the young calves from their mothers in the captive environment is an improper practice to foresee in cetacean conservation. The psychological impact in the orcas is the result of improper maternal care for the young, and the next generation will not be able to develop enough maternal skills from their mothers to care for their young. ‘De maternalisation’ is the term used to address the failure of one generation to pass down necessary maternal skills to the future generations. Similarly, the female orca from the case study was separated from her mother and was not able to develop enough maternal skills to nurse her calves resulting in the separation from her calves.