Feminist activist work to call for their rights, the ‘first wave’ of feminism (roughly 1830–1930) was similar to other nineteenth-century political campaigns, such as Catholic emancipation or anti-slavery, in which women had been active. These early feminist philosophical arguments were translated into political movements that focused on
property and divorce rights, and equality in voting rights.
In the USA the rights of man, spelt out in the Declaration of Independence, were an obvious starting point to argue for the rights of woman.InUSA1848,Newyork, Elizabeth cady Stanton called 300 woman and men to attend the first women’s right convention “Seneca falls convention”. The First World War had raised the profile of women in employment and so political recognition had to be made of their contribution to the war effort. In 1918 women were allowed to vote on reaching the age of 30. By 1928 women in Britain had the vote on the same basis as men, though in much of continental Europe the vote came much later– in France not until after the Second World War. By then women in the democracies had acquired legal and political equality. The results, however, were not entirely satisfactory. Women remained worse off than men, especially in wages and job opportunities(Kevin and Boyd 297).
A radically new development occurred in the 1960s and 1970s, the so-called ‘second wave’ of feminism, inspired by such writers as Simone de Beauvoir, Betty Friedan, Kate Millet, and, most famously, Germaine Greer, The Female Eunuch (1970). Debate from
what might be generally considered political to the psychological, cultural and anthropological fields. These explorations extended the women’smovement far outside the conventional bounds of political discourse and posed a formidable challenge to most basic assumptions of cultureand civilization. Women needed radical social change and political
emancipation if they were to be ‘liberated’ from thousands of years of male oppression. Liberal and radical feminism agreed in their demand for both elements to improve women’s lot. Both equal rights legislation and considerable social change, especially in popular attitudes on gender issues, are needed to improve the lot of women and redress the power balance between men and women.
Men were seen as being tough, competitive and emotionally limited. Human history was a struggle between these conflicting male and female virtues between and within people. Feminists involved in the peace movement, for example, argued that the potential for destruction is now so great that it is vital that the female side of humanity gains more influence in politics and society to avoid nuclear war and environmental destruction (Kevin and Boyd 298).