Demographic changes between U.S. and Canada have strong population growth since the early 1980s. Although mortality is slightly higher in the United States than in Canada, this is largely offset by much higher fertility, with a total fertility rate at replacement level, compared with just 1.5 children per woman in Canada. The United States is also the world’s largest immigrant receiving country, although its immigration rate is only half that of Canada, where today one person in five is foreign-born, versus one in eight in the United States.Sources of demographic data is most of the data utilized in this chronicle were provided by national applied math offices. These administrations exist for each of the ten provinces and three territories that conjure the half dozen regions of North American country and for all fifty states, as well because the District of Columbia, which kind the nine regions of the United States (Figure one and Table 1). The corresponding data, however, are centralized, published, and analysed at national level by Statistics North American country in Canada and the National Center for Health Statistics within the U.S Statistics Canada is conjointly liable for organizing the census.
Figure 1 Maps of the Canadian regions, provinces and territories and the American regions and states
Open in a separate window Table 1 Names and corresponding abbreviations of Canadian regions, provinces, and territories and U.S.
Administrative unit Abbreviation Administrative unit Abbreviation
Atlantic Territories Prince Edward Island PE Nunavut NU
New Brunswick NB Northwest Territories NT
Nova Scotia NS Yukon YT
Newfoundland and Labrador NL Quebec QC Ontario ON Prairies Alberta AB Manitoba MB Saskatchewan SK British Columbia BC
New England East South Central Connecticut CT Alabama AL
Maine ME Kentucky KY
Massachusetts MA Mississippi MS
New Hampshire NH Tennessee TN
Rhode Island RI West South Central Vermont VT Arkansas AR
Middle Atlantic Louisiana LA
New Jersey NJ Oklahoma OK
New York NY Texas TX
Pennsylvania PA Mountain East North Central Arizona AZ
Illinois IL Colorado CO
Indiana IN Idaho ID
Michigan MI Montana MT
Ohio OH Nevada NV
Wisconsin WI New Mexico NM
West North Central Utah UT
North Dakota ND Wyoming WY
South Dakota SD Pacific Iowa IA Alaska AK
Kansas KS California CA
Minnesota MN Hawaii HI
Missouri MO Oregon OR
Nebraska NE Washington WA
South Atlantic North Carolina NC South Carolina SC Delaware DE District of Columbia DC Florida FL Georgia GA Maryland MD Virginia VA West Virginia WV The first modern census covering the entire national territory took place in 1851, after a series of local enumerations, the first of which, covering only the population of New France, took place in 1666. The census was then held every ten years until five-year intervals were instituted in 1956. The Federal Bureau of Statistics was created in 1918, taking the place of the various ministries successively tasked with organizing and collecting census data. This federal body became Statistics Canada in 1971. The most recent census took place in 2011 and, like that of 2006, it could be completed over the Internet, an option that was chosen by 18.5% of households in 2006 and 54.4% in 2011. In the United States, the Constitution (1787) required from the outset that a census be held every ten years. The first one took place in 1790 and the series has never been interrupted since. The census was organized by district judges until the creation of a central census bureau in 1840, which became permanent in 1902. Since 1940, besides the very short questionnaire sent to all households, a representative sample has received a more detailed (compulsory) questionnaire, intended to collect more precise information on the economic and social situation of household members. In 2010, this sample represented 15% of the total population.
Canadian Human Mortality Database. Université de Montréal (Canada), University of California, Berkeley (United States) and Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (Germany) 2012. www.bdlc.umontreal.ca.
Human Fertility Database. Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (Germany) and Vienna Institute of Demography (Austria) 2012 www.humanfertility.org.