CHAPTER 3 RESULT AND DISCUSSION Problems Encountered by Livestock Raisers in Monitoring Livestock The determination of problems encountered by livestock raisers in monitoring livestock is done through an interview with Mr

CHAPTER 3
RESULT AND DISCUSSION
Problems Encountered by Livestock Raisers in Monitoring Livestock
The determination of problems encountered by livestock raisers in monitoring livestock is done through an interview with Mr. Abelardo M. Marzan, Livestock Inspector, in cooperation with other Municipal Agriculture Office (MAO) workers, and also done through survey questionnaires distributed to several livestock raisers of Naguilian, La Union. Base from the interview, MAO has an existing system, the Philippine Animal Health Information System (PHILAHIS) intended for reporting and monitoring animal health.

In determining the problems encountered, the result shows that livestock raisers lack accurate information on how to monitor effectively a livestock in terms of deworming, vaccination, animal health monitoring, and vitamin supplementation, they constantly ask for the assistance of livestock concern officials from different organizations through text message or directly visiting their offices to report their concerns. Livestock raisers are not using any material or technology to study and learn in their own the proper monitoring of livestock. Thus, livestock raisers do not have the assurance to raise properly a livestock.
In terms of reporting occurrences of problems concerning livestock monitoring, livestock raisers don’t usually submit any reports to the Municipal Agriculture Office due to lack of medium of reporting. Livestock raisers have no such technology to be used to report problems related to livestock monitoring. Therefore, with the aid of mobile application livestock raisers have the chance to report the problems they encounter associated with their livestock in terms of deworming, vaccination, animal health monitoring, and vitamin supplementation through the SMS features of the system.
In terms to report generation of Municipal Agriculture Office employee with the livestock occurrences, the problem encountered is the time consumed in generating a report for it took how many days for the employee to complete the report. This method of generating report was affected by the following contributing factors namely; validation of reports submitted by the client, constructing recommendation for approvals, getting the approvals from different offices, and proposing certain methods in dealing livestock problems. Also, another factor affecting the process of generating reports are the received reports through letters and text messages, that is required to be encoded, and to be lastly placed to the existing system they are using. This method delays the generation of reports.
So, with the help of the developed system report generation will be done faster and easier, as the factors affecting report generation were compressed in the developed system. Encoded reports will be reduced since most of the livestock transactions will be based on the web-based system and mobile application. Through the use of mobile phone, raisers can directly send occurrences regarding their livestock that will automatically appear and recorded to the web-based system.
The Developed Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System
Overview of the Developed System
The progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System is a mobile application with a web-based system. The mobile application is intended for every livestock raisers while the web-based system is intended for the Municipal Agriculture Office (MAO) staffs of Naguilian, La Union. The development of progReady was to help livestock raisers in reporting occurrences concerning their livestock and by providing them information’s they need in starting and raising a livestock, particularly in deworming, vaccination, animal health monitoring, and vitamin supplementation. Also, to benefit MAO in every single information gathered from the application in order for them to monitor, record and generate reports in an easy and faster way.

The web-based system will be utilized by the Admins, whose refers to MAO Livestock Expert workers of Naguilian, La Union. Each of the users must have a unique username and password for them to access the system. They are responsible for the information’s placed in the mobile application. The web-based system can collect specific data and receive reports from the livestock raisers with the use of the mobile application.

On the other hand, the mobile application includes Start Up features wherein livestock raisers can read and learn on how to manage a livestock, Diagnosis wherein they can diagnose and know the possible disease/health condition of a livestock. Moreover, users can report occurrences on their livestock through the embedded SMS feature of the system.

Requirements Phase
In the development of the system, the researchers took consideration of the requirements needed and how to accomplish it. These requirements are recorded in the compliance matrix during the proposal defense. The researchers, finalize the requirements needed through consulting their project adviser along with the client.

Functional Requirements of the System
It gives details on the vital functions of the developed system.

The mobile application provides numerous information concerning Livestock Monitoring in terms of deworming, vaccination, animal health monitoring, and vitamin supplementation.

The mobile application offers different guidelines on how to raise effectively your livestock
The mobile application lets users have their daily records regarding on their livestock
The mobile application is capable of sending messages
Users can diagnose their livestock to figure out possible diseases it may have when it’s not in good a condition
The web-based system is capable of receiving reports from livestock raisers who uses the mobile application
The web-based system provides analytic data’s obtained from mobile users inputs
The administrator who manages the system can generate reports
Non-Functional Requirements of the System
This refers to the hardware and software performance required for the development and implementation of the developed system and mobile application.
Hardware Requirements
The following are the minimum hardware requirements for the development and implementation of the system are:
For the Mobile Application
Mobile / Tablet
Must be Android
At least 1 Gigabyte (GB) RAM
At least 300 Megabyte (Mb) disk space
For the Web-based System
Laptop / Desktop
2 Gigahertz (GHz) processor
At least 2 Gigabyte (GB) RAM
At least 20 Gigabyte (GB) hard disk space
Web Browsers such as Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, and Google Chrome
Software Requirements
The following are the minimum software requirements for the development and implementation of the system are:
For the Server
32-bit Windows 7 OS
WAMP Server
Web Browser (Google Chrome)
Design Phase
In the design phase, the researchers execute the logical concepts gathered to create models and prototypes that will represent all the processes, outputs, and inputs that consist of use case, class and activity diagram. These diagrams were used to represents the architecture of the Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System.
Figure 3 displays the Use Case Diagram of the Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System. The diagram identifies the activities of actors in the system.
47426252711450Admin
00Admin
2014851386840Livestock
Raisers
00Livestock
Raisers

Figure 3. Use Case Diagram of progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System
The use case diagram displays the scope and limitation of users who manage the system and mobile application. Livestock raisers can register, login, manage the account, add livestock, and send reports. Whereas, the admin must be knowledgeable of the basic computer and mobile application. He/she has the privilege to manage and access all features of the system such as manage accounts, view records, view mobile users, manage web and app content, manage reports, view reports and generate reports.

Figure 4 displays the class diagram of progReady. The diagram shows the different classes with its properties.

Figure 4. Class Diagram of progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System

Figure 5. Activity Diagram of progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System
The activity diagram of progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System show the flow of activities and privileges of the administrator and registered users in the mobile application, and the way these activities related in the overall flow of the system.
Development and Coding
In the development and coding of the mobile application and web-based system, the client’s participation is an important factor in the assessment during the development of the system. He will determine the pros and cons of the different features of the system. The researchers developed a livestock monitoring mobile app and reporting system using HTML, PHP, CSS, JavaScript, and ajaxPHP to the mobile application and web-based system, XAMPP server as its database platform and Visual Studio Code for as its editor.

Features of the progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System
The progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System have features to provide livestock data’s with its two interfaces, the client whose refers to livestock raisers, administrator refers to MAO workers of Naguilian La Union to respond to specific livestock occurrences.

Plate 1. Home Page
LMMARS Home Page
It displays the start-up page of the LMMARS website wherein it can only be accessed by the admin. It contains a navigation bar in which the user can choose the page he/she wants to access.

Plate 2. Sign In
It displays fields that require users to input its username and password in order to have the authority to access the system.
Plate 3. Create Account
It displays a form wherein users are required to filled-out in order to have an account which includes basic information such as full name, gender, username, and password. For he/she to access the system.
Plate 4. Manage Reports
It shows the different livestock occurrences reports send by the livestock raisers using the mobile application. Each livestock occurrences reports includes the name of the reporter, location of the occurrences as well as the date and time of sending.

Plate 5. Manage Mobile User Accounts
It displays a page wherein the administrator is permitted to remove from the list a mobile user.
Plate 6. Manage Admin Profile
Managed admin profile shows a page wherein the administrator can edit his / her profile account.
Plate 7. Extras
Presents a page in which the administrator is allowed to modify information from the mobile application, also it includes the logout button in order to disconnect the user’s privileges.

Plate 8. Notifications
Displays all the message notifications that have been received by the server from the mobile application users.
Plate 9. Data Analytics
Displays a list of livestock of a specific person and place wherein it can predict the increase and decrease of meat supply in the market.

Plate 10. Contact Us
It shows a form to be filled out by mobile users such as username, password, and message to be sent from the system.
Plate 11. Login Form
LMMARS Login Page
It is where the users (Livestock raisers) can get the full access to the application features. It requires the user to enter their valid username and password.

Plate 12. Sign Up
LMMARS Sign Up Page
It displays the user’s registration form consist of personal information in order to add account. The personal information includes first name, middle name, last name, gender, address, contact number, username, and password.
Plate 13. Menu Bar
In this plate, a pop-up slide bar where displayed in the left side corner of the page that holds linking pages of several options that are home, profile, livestock management and about us.

Plate 14. Profile
It is where the users can manage his/her profile, and also display the basic information of the user.

Plate 15. Livestock Management Category
It displays a livestock management category that includes deworming, vaccination, animal health monitoring, and vitamin supplementation.

Plate 16. Deworming
Presents several information and guides relating to livestock deworming.

Plate 17. Vaccination
Presents several information and guides relating to livestock vaccination to help and lead users (livestock raisers).

Plate 18. Animal Health Monitoring
Presents several information and guides relating to livestock health monitoring.Plate 19. Vitamin Supplementation
Presents several information and guides relating to livestock vitamin supplementation.Plate 20. About Us
It discusses and provides important information of progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System about its purpose, services it can deliver and who progReady serves.

Plate 21. Records
It displays a page wherein users can log daily activities of his/her livestock in order for the user to keep track his/her livestock from when it is acquired until sold to market.

Plate 22. Logout
A page where the user can disconnect his/her access to the application by clicking the drop-down button and press log out.

Testing Phase
Testing phase was the result of all the processes involved in the system’s development. In this phase, the researchers presented the developed livestock monitoring mobile app and reporting system to their project adviser together with the Municipal Agriculture Office livestock inspector (client) of Naguilian, La Union wherein inputs and suggestions arises, therefore the researchers applied those suggestions to update the system. After finalizing the system, the researchers made the final release to respondents to determine the level of acceptability of the system and to ensure that the features and needed requirements are satisfactorily met. It was conducted at different barangays located at Naguilian, La Union. And ISO/IEC 9126 questionnaire was used to measure the level of acceptability of the developed system wherein the researchers conducted unit testing to thirty (30) respondents. In which comments and suggestions from respondents to the piloted testing were gathered to test and improve the functionality of the developed system.

Level of Acceptability of the progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System (LMMARS)
After the development of progReady, a mobile application for the livestock raisers and a web-based system intended for Municipal Agriculture Office of Naguilian La, Union was measured using the ISO/IEC 9126 questionnaire. The level of acceptability measurement in terms of functionality, reliability, usability, efficiency, maintainability, and portability as follows:
-36480392430Table 2. Measurement of Acceptability in terms of Functionality
Indicators MeanDescriptive
-43180195230Equivalent
Functions required for the system are
implemented (suitability)
Functions accuracy is provided
(accurateness)
Functions meet specifications (compliance)
Ease of connecting with other implemented
systems are provided (suitability and
interoperability)
Substantial security is provided and
implemented (security and suitability)
0-635Mean
018415
Functionality. The level of acceptability of the progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System for the Municipal Agriculture Office staff and livestock raisers of Naguilian, La Union in terms of functionality were presented in Table 2. Continuation
Article
-36480392430Table 3. Measurement of Acceptability in terms of Reliability
Indicators MeanDescriptive
-43180195230Equivalent
Software includes no bugs (maturity)
A certain system level is maintained even
when trouble occurs (fault tolerance)
Normal operations are restored readily
when troubles occur (recoverability)
0-635Mean
018415
Reliability. The level of acceptability of the progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System for the Municipal Agriculture Office staff and livestock raisers of Naguilian, La Union in terms of reliability were presented in Table 2. Explanation
Article
-36480392430Table 4. Measurement of Acceptability in terms of Usability
Indicators MeanDescriptive
-43180195230Equivalent
Easy to operate (understandability)
Easy to remember (learnability)
Allows easy operations management
(operability)
0-635Mean
018415
Usability. The level of acceptability of the progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System for the Municipal Agriculture Office staff and livestock raisers of Naguilian, La Union in terms of usability were presented in Table 2. Explanation
As stated by Freddy Paz et al (2016) usability is measured as one of the essential aspects of any technological product success, it is linked to the software product case of use. According to the context of software, if a product provides a mechanism that is hard to understand and difficult to use, therefore the application is expected to fail. This concept can be used to any technological interface that permits interaction between human and machine.
-36480392430Table 5. Measurement of Acceptability in terms of Efficiency
Indicators MeanDescriptive
-43180195230Equivalent
Provide good response and high
throughput (time behavior
Allows effective use of system’s
resources0-635Mean
018415
Efficiency. The level of acceptability of the progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System for the Municipal Agriculture Office staff and livestock raisers of Naguilian, La Union in terms of efficiency were presented in Table 2. Explanation
Article
-36480392430Table 6. Measurement of Acceptability in terms of Maintainability
Indicators MeanDescriptive
-43180195230Equivalent
Allows easy analysis of design
documents and programs when a bug
is found (analyzability)
Allows for easy expansion and
modification of the system (changeability)
Modification of the system does not affect
the others (stability)
Laborious test are not required after a
the modification is made (testability)
0-635Mean
018415
Maintainability. The level of acceptability of the progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System for the Municipal Agriculture Office staff and livestock raisers of Naguilian, La Union in terms of maintainability were presented in Table 2. Explanation
Article
-36480392430Table 7. Measurement of Acceptability in terms of Portability
Indicators MeanDescriptive
-43180195230Equivalent
Provide flexible environment (adaptability)
Providing easy installation
Complying with the porting specification
(conformance)
Allows easy replacement with other
software
0-635Mean
018415
Portability. The level of acceptability of the progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System for the Municipal Agriculture Office staff and livestock raisers of Naguilian, La Union in terms of portability were presented in Table 2. Explanation
Article
Table 8. Summary of the Level of Acceptability of progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System
-36195149762
Indicators MeanDescriptive
-43180195230Equivalent
Functionality
Reliability
Usability
Efficiency
Maintainability
Portability
0-635Mean
018415
The summary of the level of acceptability of progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System are shown in Table 8, indicating that the developed system is ____________ in terms of functionality, reliability, usability, efficiency, maintainability, and portability as evidence with a grand mean rating of ____. Continuation
Article about ISO/IEC 9126
This instrument was used to evaluate the level of acceptability of the developed system in terms of functionality, reliability, usability, efficiency, maintainability, and portability.
Chapter 4
SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Summary
The study focused on the development of progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System, a tool that helps MAO staff to easily track livestock raisers together with their livestock which lessen their time in monitoring manually that leads faster generation of reports, and to provide livestock raisers a proper guide that will help them to understand and learn fast the methods of raising a livestock. In which the system undergoes different phases that include planning, design, coding, and testing.
Specifically, the study sought to achieve the following objectives: (1) determine the problems encountered by livestock raisers in monitoring livestock in different stages in terms of (a) deworming, (b) vaccination, (c) animal health monitoring, and (d) vitamin supplementation; (2) develop A Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System; (3) determine the level of acceptability of A Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System.

The researchers used a Descriptive and Developmental type of research in the development and completion of the study, while Extreme Programming Model was used as its software methodology. This study was conducted from the 2nd semester of the school year 2017-2018 to 1st semester of the school year 2018-2019 at Naguilian, La Union Municipal Agriculture Office and San Fernando City. A total of thirty-four (34) respondents that composed of 30 livestock raisers, 3 Municipal Agriculture Office staff, and 1 livestock inspector.
In a gathering of data, researchers used interview-guide and survey questionnaire as the gathering tool and ISO 9126 was used in assessing the acceptability of the developed system.
Findings
Based on the results of the gathered data from the respondents, the findings of the study were as follows:
The determination of problems encountered by livestock raisers was done manually. Livestock raisers personally visit or call livestock concern officials to report their concerns regarding their livestock, and the problem identified was the consumption of time.
The progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System were developed using Extreme Programming (XP) Model for the mobile application and web-based system, while HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, And ajaxPHP were used for the design and functionality of the mobile application and web-based system.

The level of acceptability of “Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System” has a total grand mean of ______ which describes the system as ______.

Conclusion
Based on the mentioned findings, the following conclusion was made:
Most of the livestock raisers depend to livestock experts when it comes to their livestock even in a simple manner. And the traditional determination of encountered livestock problems needs an improvement.

The Extreme Programming (XP) Model is an effective software methodology in developing the Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System.

The progReady: Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System are a functional, reliable, usable, efficient, portable and easy to maintain mobile application and a web-based system for both livestock raisers and Municipal Agriculture Office staff.
Recommendations
Based on the mentioned conclusions, the researchers propose the following recommendations:
The mobile application and web-based system can be considered to improve the monitoring of livestock occurrences.

The Extreme Programming (XP) Model can be used to develop the livestock monitoring mobile app and reporting system.
LMMARS can be adapted by the MAO to improve the manual process of monitoring livestock raisers and livestock incidents.

The Livestock Monitoring Mobile App and Reporting System can stand as a basis in conducting and developing a system similar to this.
Training shall be done once the system will be adapted, in order to use the system efficiently.