After World War 2 (WW2) there was a large inflation of immigration to Australia, due to refugees homes in Eastern Europe and parts of being destroyed in the war. Australia was seen as a safe country as it has no land borders and its distance from other countries combined with large amount of empty space was seen as ideal.
Between, 1945 and 1982 over 1 million British citizens emigrated to Australia under the 10 pound assisted passage scheme jointly funded by the Australian and British governments (Pullen, C. 2018). Between 1945 and 2000, 59% of the population of 11.7 million is attributed to immigration (Prb.org. 2018), majority of these fleeing Eastern Europe because of the uncertainty of the communist Soviet Union, war torn South-East Asia, from communist uprisings such as Vietnam and the Korean peninsula, Also British immigrants immigrated because of the 10 pound assisted passage scheme.
Post World War 2 immigration caused a large outroar from racist Australia, during a time of the White Australia policy many caucasians had racist views and were against multiculturalism. All migrants, especially those who couldn’t speak english or were of colour, had to put up with some level of prejudice. Some migrants found work on large scale dangerous projects such as the Snowy Mountains hydroelectric Scheme, others worked long hours in factories or doing hard and dirty jobs that Australians didn’t want. Even skilled labourers found it hard to find work to suit their qualifications and had to accept what work was available if they were to survive. (Migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au 2018).
Since the conclusion of World War 2 (WW2), Australia’s immigration has played a huge part in the development of religious faith. Many millions of immigrants have been christian and some Christian denominations wouldn’t be as predominate as they are today without the enormous influx of immigrants. (Cra.org.au 2018) Post war immigration impacted upon Australia’s main religion, Christianity, in unexpected ways ;furthermore, Catholicism was most affected. The Australian Catholic Church’s mission is to bring good news to the poor, proclaim release to captives and recovery of sight to the blind, let the oppressed go free, and proclaim the year of the Lord’s favour (Cf. Lk 4:18), they also have a vision of a world in which all people, free from any discrimination and all barriers to life, can reach full happiness, allowing them to live their lives in full dignity, as the Creator God intends. (Religious Links, Organisations. 2018) Since the end of WW2 and the onset of mass immigration, refugees have been much a part of Catholicism, fleeing from Nazism, totalitarian communism, South American dictatorships, and the uprise of Islamic fundamentalism. Australia’s catholic church is amongst the most multicultural in the world. The overall profile of the Catholic church in Australia has been one of increasing diversification, even including its priests. The church has and will advance more than just its Irish history and will have an Anglo-Irish remnant (Spruhan, T. 2018). Since 1971 the number of Australians in a religion other than Christianity has risen from just 100 thousand to 1.5 million.
At the end of 1945 Australia’s population was 7 million and 90% Australian, 50 years later in 1995 the population had doubled and was now 18 million, however, 75% of those were born overseas. Majority of the increase is due to migration and new settlers having kids in Australia (Multiculturalaustralia.edu.au 2018). With such a young multicultural Australia the economic benefits have been outstanding. In 1993-1994 financial year there was 70,000 new immigrants and they alone brought a capital transfer of approximately $1.1 billion. The church adapted by accepting people of different race in everyday life, the church also starts doing social justice with refugees to show they as a church have changed to be more inclusive and don’t just say they are. (ADD REFERENCE)
In conclusion, immigration after World War 2 (WW2) has had positive and negative effects on the Australian Catholic church. Many Caucasian Australians thought that refugees weren’t real Australians, refugees were bad and shouldn’t be allowed to immigrate, however it was through time and changed opinions that immigrants are becoming less discriminated upon and are now being helped through charities that are run by overruling churches that formerly discriminated against the people, their mission now says to help. This shows the effect that post World War 2 immigration had on the Catholic church.